Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Oakham School Archives

Explore the history of the school through the documents and objects that have been left behind...

Introduction

Second Battle of Artois (9th May 1915 - 18th June 1918)

After the failed French offensive at Neuve-Chapelle in March 1915, General Joffre asked for the British’s help to plan a pincer attack in Artois at the beginning of May 1915. The aim was to break through the German line north of Arras. The main thrust would be carried out by the French 10th Army on Vimy Ridge, with two supporting attacks on the flanks to secure the heights of Lorette Spur.

 

Battle of Aubers Ridge (9th May 1915)

The plan was for the French to attack first, followed by a British assault, north and south of Arras. The British 1st Army and Indian troops were led by General Sir Douglas Haig. They were to take Aubers Ridge, a German position. The French attack was preceded by a long bombardment of the German lines for several days. The British attack was preceded by a short but intense artillery fire, 40 minutes before the infantry went over. Three squadrons of 1st Wing Royal Flying Corps assisted the British army in guiding the artillery fire. The British dug two tunnels across no man’s land, about 100 meters long, and planted two 1-ton mines under the German front line.

After the attack at Neuve-Chapelle, the Germans had considerably strengthened their defences with barbed wire fences, they had built shelters every 20 meter, they had installed machine guns behind steel plates and had deepened their trenches and raised the height of sand bag parapets.

The French started the shelling on 3rd May 1915, the assault was scheduled for 7th May. However, heavy rain and mist on the day before meant that the attack had to be postponed. The French then launched their attack on 9th May 1915, at the same time as the British. At 5am, the British started their bombardment of the German lines and the infantry left the trenches at 5.40am. The soldiers came under heavy artillery fire and were killed or wounded almost as soon as they went over. A few isolated groups of soldiers managed to advance to the German trenches but they were exposed to enemy fire. They retreat across no man’s land at night.

Sir Douglas Haig decided to renew the attack. At 3.20pm, the bombardment was repeated and the new assault was launched at 3.45pm. At 6pm the order was given to stop the attack. The German artillery had started shelling no man’s land and the British front line. The Battle of Aubers Ridge was deemed a failure as no ground had been won and no tactical advantage had been gained.

Casualties: 11,000 British soldiers were killed, wounded or missing. It took three days to transfer the wounded to the field ambulance on the second line.

Old Oakhamians who Fell During the Second Battle of Artois

Douglas Herbert Washington Humfrey

1888 – 16th May 1915

Douglas was born to Reverend Algernon G.P. and Catherine C.L. Humfrey from Branbury.

Douglas batting at school.

 

Life at Oakham School

Douglas attended Oakham School between 1902 and 1907. His school achievements are listed below:

  • Head Prefect: Winter 1906 - Summer 1907.
  • Head Musician: Winter 1905 - Summer 1907.

A group of boy musicians with instruments.

Music band in 1906 - Douglas is sitting second from left.

  • Librarian: Winter 1904 - Summer 1907.
  • Secretary of Games Committee: Winter 1906 - Summer 1907.

 

  • Debating Society: Spring 1902; Spring 1903; Spring 1904; Spring 1905; Spring 1907.
  • Music: Chief musician in choir – Winter 1905.

 

  • Cricket 2nd XI: Summer 1904; Summer 1905.
  • Cricket 1st XI: Summer 1905; Summer 1906; Summer 1907.

Oakham School Cricket 1st XI 1905 – Douglas is standing third from left.

Oakham School Cricket 1st XI 1906 – Douglas is standing third from left.

Oakham School Cricket 1st XI 1907 – Douglas is standing in the centre.

  • Rugby 1st XV: a forward - Winter 1905; Winter 1906.

Oakham School Rugby 1st XV 1906 – Douglas is standing second from left.

  • Shooting: Winter 1905.
  • High jump: 2nd place – Spring 1906.
  • High jump (open): 2nd place equal with Jerwood.

 

  • Higher Certificate at the Summer Examination: Summer 1906; Summer 1907.
  • Music Prize: Summer 1907.

 

Douglas and John Furley met Emmeline Pankhurst when she came to Oakham and had tea with her in Summer 1907. John fought in the First World War but survived.

Oakham School Magazine Reviews

In his sporting and music career, the Oakhamian Magazine made comments upon his abilities.

Summer 1905 Cricket review: ‘one of the most promising players; He had but a few opportunities in the course of the season of showing what he could do as a batsman; he is much too slow in the field.’

Summer 1906 Cricket review: ‘A free but far from sound bat; improving as a fieldsman. Made a double figure score vs. Trent College.’

Winter 1905 Rugby review: ‘Not nearly energetic enough to be really useful as a forward: he must use his best endeavours to develop at least a modicum pace.’

Winter 1906 Rugby review: ‘Has come a great deal since last season; a good dribbler and useful out of touch.’

Easter 1907 Music review: ‘he was the leader of the basses. He reads music with ease and his voice has a fine volume.’

 

After Oakham and the War

After School, Douglas studied at Lincoln College, Oxford University and obtained a BA. He worked as a private tutor. He joined the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. He held an appointment in Russia before going to France to serve in the First World War.

Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry badge.

He became a Lieutenant with the 3rd battalion Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry before being transferred to the 2nd Battalion. He fought at the Battle of Aubers and was killed in action on 16th May 1915 during the attack on Fromelles. He was 27.

Roll of honour in the Oakhamian Magazine, Summer term 1915, Vol.31, no.2

Douglas is remembered on panel 26 of Le Touret Memorial and in Oakham School chapel.

 

Bibliography

https://www.rutlandremembers.org/fallen/625/humfrey-lieutenant-douglas-herbert-washington

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oxfordshire_and_Buckinghamshire_Light_Infantry_Cap_Badge.jpg

Donald Whitmore Ryan

1895 – 9th May 1915

Donald was born in 1894/95 to Lieutenant Colonel Henry and Penelope Ryan of Earls Court, London. He was the grandson of Colonel T. Maxwell and Colonel E.M. Ryan.

 

Life at Oakham

Donald attended Oakham School between 1904 and 1912. His school achievements are listed below:

  • 100 yards handicap under 13: 3rd place – Spring 1905.
  • 100 yards: 2nd place – Spring 1912
  • 220 yards handicap under 15: 3rd place – Spring 1908; 2nd place – Spring 1909.
  • Half mile handicap: 2nd place – Spring 1911
  • Quarter-mile handicap: 2nd place – Spring 1911; 1st place – Spring 1912.
  • Quarter-mile: 1st place (591/5 sec) – Spring 1912.
  • Fives: junior semi-final – Spring 1907; junior final – Spring 1909; 1st place (paired with M.A. Neilson) – Spring 1910; Spring 1911; Spring 1912.
  • Rugby 2nd lot: Winter 1906; Winter 1907.
  • Rugby under 14: Winter 1908.
  • Rugby 1st XV: forward – Winter 1909; Winter 1910; Winter 1911; Captain – Winter 1912.
  • Cricket under 14:  Summer 1907.
  • Cricket 2nd XI:  Summer 1909; Summer 1910.
  • Cricket 1st XI: Summer 1911; Summer 1912.

Oakham School Cricket 1st XI 1911 – Donald is standing far right.

Oakham School Cricket 1st XI 1912 – Donald is standing third from right.

  • Debating Society: Spring 1910; Spring 1911; Spring 1912.
  • Music: Easter entertainment – Spring 1911; Spring 1912.
  • Christmas Concert:  tenor – Winter 1909; Winter 1910; Winter 1911; lead tenor in choir – Winter 1912.
  • O.T.C.: Lance Corporal – 1911; Corporal – 1912.

 

  • Games’ Committee: Winter 1911 - Summer 1912.
  • Sports Committee of Management: Winter 1911 - Summer 1912.

Oakham School Magazine Reviews

In his sporting career, the Oakhamian Magazine made comments upon both his cricketing and rugby prowess.

Summer 1911 Cricket review: ‘All trier all through; is a left-handed bowler with a useful swerve, a lucky rather than correct batsman and a strenuous field’.

Summer 1912 Cricket review: ‘Undoubtedly the best bowler on the side. As a batsman singularly unsuccessful and hardly a trustworthy fieldsman’.

Winter 1910 Rugby Review: ‘A light forward but remarkably strong on his legs; he is smart in the loose and quite does his share of the collaring.’

Winter 1911 Rugby Review: ‘A light but fast forward; always prominent in the loose but inclined to dribble wide. Kicks well and does a lot of tackling.’

Winter 1912 Rugby Review: ‘A fast and keen forward and distinctly good in the loose. Did good work in the scrum and led the pack well. A poor tackler.’

 

After Oakham and the War

After school, Donald became a Second Lieutenant with the 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment. His battalion landed at Le Havre on 5th November 1914.

Northamptonshire Regiment badge.

Donald was killed in action on 9th May 1915 during the Battle of Aubers Ridge. He was 20.

Roll of honour in the Oakhamian Magazine, Summer term 1915, Vol.31, no.2

Donald is remembered on the Ploegsteert Memorial, panel 7, and on the war memorial in Oakham School chapel.

 
Bibliography

https://www.rutlandremembers.org/fallen/610/ryan-second-lieutenant-donald-whitmore

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Northamptonshire_Regiment_Cap_Badge.jpg

https://www.parish-council.com/piltonstokedoyleandwadenhoe/index.asp?pageid=645776

https://www.wartimememoriesproject.com/greatwar/allied/battalion.php?pid=6826

Talbot Fitzroy Eden Stanhope

23rd November 1896 – 9th May 1915

 

Talbot was born to Dudley Henry Eden and Kathleen Stanhope, 9th Earl and Countess of Harrington of Elvaston Castle, Derby. He was born at Whitefield House, Uldale, Cumberland.

 

Life at Oakham

Talbot attended Oakham School between 1910 and 1913. His school achievements are listed below:

  • Rugby under 14: a forward – Winter 1910.
  • Rugby 1st XV: a substitute forward – Winter 1912.
  • Rugby 1st XV: Winter 1913.
  • Fives Challenge Cup: first round Senior (paired with David Rhys Cadwgan Lloyd) – Spring 1913.

 

  • Debating Society: Spring 1911; Spring 1913.

 

  • Form 5 French Prize: Summer 1912.
  • Form 5 History Prize: Summer 1912.

Oakham School Magazine Reviews

In his sporting career, the Oakhamian Magazine made comments upon his rugby prowess.

Winter 1913 Rugby review: ‘A very keen forward. Though light, works hard. Tackles well but is a poor kick.’

 

After Oakham and the War

After school, Talbot passed 17th into RMC Sandhurst and gained a prize cadetship. In July 1914, he was sent to Minster, Isle of Shippey. He received his commission in October 1914 in the 5th Battalion Rifle Brigade (prince Consort’s Own). 

The Rifle Brigade badge.

He left to the front in March 1915 as a Lieutenant with the 2nd Battalion, 25 Brigade, 8th Division. Talbot was killed in action at Fromelles in the Battle of Aubers Ridge on 9th May 1915 during an attack on German trenches. He was 18.

Roll of honour in the Oakhamian Magazine, Summer term 1915, Vol.31, no.2

Talbot was awarded the British War medal, the Victory Medal and the 1915 Star.

  

The British War Medal, the Victory Medal and the 1915 Star.

Talbot’s grave was lost but he is remembered on panel 10 at the Ploegsteert Memorial to the Missing, on the Copythorne Memorial in the New Forest and in Oakham School chapel.

 

Bibliography

https://media.iwm.org.uk/ciim5/439/60/large_000000.jpg?_ga=2.105583427.1191359266.1580133906-1071493147.1578670824

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rifle_Brigade_(The_Prince_Consort%27s_Own)_Cap_Badge..jpg

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WW1_1914-15_Star.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_Medal_(South_Africa)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_War_Medal

Artois Images

Lieutenant Colonel C. B. Vandeleur briefs the 2nd Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), May 1915. © IWM Q 51621

British Staff Officers in conversation on the evening of 9th May 1915. © IWM Q 90275

Attack on Fromelles. Effect of the explosion of two mines on the German trenches. British defences in the foreground. © IWM Q 51627

German O. P. enclosed in Somerset Farm, Aubers, Ridge 1919. © IWM Q 37126