"Also known as online activism or digital activism, cyberactivism is the gamut of Internet-based strategies and methods utilized by individuals and organizations for organizing, managing, and performing various types of activism. Cyberactivism aims to generate citizen-based movements for specific causes, similar to traditional activism .... It gained prominence with the emergence of social media and mobile technologies.
[it includes] online actions to promote awareness of causes, actions for organization and mobilization of followers, and actions substituting or enhancing traditional forms of activism."
Shani, M. & Leiser, A. (2017). Cyberactivism. In F. Moghaddam (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of political behavior (pp. 157-158). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483391144.n74.
The resources on this page have been carefully selected to help you with your investigation, while you may choose to look at other resources there is no need to, and you should certainly start with these. The resources are divided into:
The Planning your article box to the right is identical to the one on The Orwell Youth Prize (OYP) page, and contains the Investigative Journal and Research Organiser that you will need to fill in as you do your investigation and plan your article. Make sure you refer back to the advice on the Orwell Youth Prize (OYP) page before you start to write your article.
38 degrees' own website is a good source of factual information about features such as goals, funding, structure and methods. Clearly there will be an element of bias so it must be used in conjunction with other sources when forming judgements and opinions. Make sure you explore the links at the top of the page to find out what the IFS says about its own successes.
References: 38 degrees. (2020). About. Retrieved from 38degrees.org: https://home.38degrees.org.uk/about/
**You may need to log in to Access Global NewsBank using the details provided on the Subscription Databases page before clicking this link, particularly if you are not on the school network.**
Reference: Allen, K. (2016) Digital democracy divides Westminster. Retrieved from The Financial Times: https://www.ft.com/content/499e3ac8-c50e-11e5-808f-8231cd71622e
openDemocracy describes itself as an "independent global media organisation ...[that seeks] to educate citizens to challenge power and encourage democratic debate across the world." It is described as a left-centre source rated high for factual reporting by mediabiasfactcheck.com.
Reference: Dennis, J. (2014) The myth of the keyboard warrior: public participation and 38 Degrees. Retrieved from openDemocracy: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/participation-now/myth-of-keyboard-warrior-public-participation-and-38-degrees/
The Guardian is a left-centre source rated high for factual reporting by mediabiasfactcheck.com. This is an opinion piece and should be treated as such.
Reference: Bennett, C. (2016, May 15). People power can be toxic: sign here if you agree. Retrieved from The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/14/e-petitions-laura-kuenssberg-bbc-political-editor-female-jeremy-corbyn-38-degrees
The report that you can download from this page is a good source of information about goals, funding, structure and methods. You might want to explore the website more generally too - especially as the report is now two years old.
Clearly there will be an element of bias so it must be used in conjunction with other sources when forming judgements and opinions.
References: Change.org. (2018). Impact Report 2018. Retrieved from Change.org: https://static.change.org/brand-pages/impact/reports/2019/change.org_Impact_Report_english_FINAL.pdf
Special Broadcasting Service is an Australian Broadcaster which Media Bias/ Fact Check rates high for factual reporting and describes as having a left-centre bias.
Reference: Winsor, B. (2016, June 3) How Change.org is monetising your passions and why you should care. Retrieved from SBS: https://www.sbs.com.au/news/the-feed/how-change-org-is-monetising-your-passions-and-why-you-should-care
Although this article is 7 years old, it is an in-depth profile of Change.org and there is much that is still applicable.
Reference: Finley, K. (2013, September 26). Meet Change.org, the Google of Modern Politics. Retrieved from Wired: https://www.wired.com/2013/09/change-org/
The Guardian is a left-centre source rated high for factual reporting by mediabiasfactcheck.com. Although 6 years old, this source discusses both 38 degrees and Change.org and gives a sense of how they work.
Reference: Howard, E. (2014) How 'clicktivism' has changed the face of political campaigns. Retrieved from The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/sep/24/clicktivism-changed-political-campaigns-38-degrees-change
This article has case studies of the CBI and 38 degrees specifically, but is also a good general discussion of pressure groups and democracy.
Politics Review is a magazine aimed at A-Level students, usually accessed through our Subscription Databases page. It should be regarded as a reliable source. Note that this article is more than 5 years old.
Reference: Rathbone, M. (2015, November). Pressure groups: Do they strengthen pluralist democracy? Politics Review, 25(2), pp. 2-5.
Politics Review is a magazine aimed at A-Level students, usually accessed through our Subscription Databases page. It should be regarded as a reliable source.
Reference: Tomes, A. (2019, April). UK pressure groups and democracy. Politics Review, 28(4), pp. 6-9.
This is a long report, but you only need to look at the chapter on The Interest Group Process (pages 112-121). You could also search within the publication (using the shortcut "ctrl+F" as usual) for particular phrases such as Think Tank, Trade Union or Lobbyists. This document is least relevant for Cyberactivist groups.
Democratic Audit describes itself as "an independent research organisation based at the London School of Economics.", having moved there from the University of Essex. It is funded by the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust. Its attachment to a well-respected University gives it credibility and it has a generally good reputation online with other credible organisations.